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Going Sporadic

by

Ross M. Miller
Miller Risk Advisors
www.millerrisk.com
December 13, 2004

For the indefinite future, this commentary is going sporadic. I am not yet reduced to blogdomóI haven't the proper pajamasóbut I will be less predictable in my postings. Even in sporadic mode, my commentaries will appear more frequently than Bill Gross's and you can judge for yourself their relative utility. Like a blogger, however, I will no longer limit my commentaries to a regular Monday appearance, which should make the ones that show up on the web more timely. And I have not run out of material, just the time to write it all up. (I already forgo the time required for more than cursory proofreading.)

"Adventures in Retailing" will continue for several more installments. The next one will cover Manhattan's great bookstores of the past. (No, not the ones in Times Square that Rudy and Disney put out of business.) And lots more serious finance is in the worksófrom my primer on cointegrated time series to more advanced topics.

This week, I deal with odds and ends. Both my students and I survived my return to teaching, though the optional final exam (which is not getting many takers) is on tap for this week. Still, following one of many lessons that GE taught me, I am willing to declare victory and move on to the next semester, which is over a month away.

My major teaching initiative was to introduce more "reality" into finance. This resonated with the MBA students who worked during the day and were subjected to me in the evening. However, the full-time students who apparently bribed a state official to get into the course (Hey, Eliot, why don't you look at corruption in your own backyard?) were a rather disconsolate lot. Given that I will be moving to academic prime time in the spring and will teach only full-time students, both undergraduate and graduate, I may have to make my "reality challenges" a tad easier. For example, I am considering having the students in my fixed income class construct bond portfolios where they will get bonus points only if they beat a benchmark managed by (who else?) Bill Gross.

As for the Google prediction exercise, its stock fell from 190.64 at the end of October to 181.98 at the end of November, a decline of 4.5%. For a while, Google dipped below 170 and seemed only to recover with the help of several strategic touts by analysts. My students tended to be overly optimistic and their average prediction was near 200, though only a handful were as optimistic as their professor at 221.24. Outside predictors tended to be a pessimistic lot, but were further off in their predictions, the low being 100.

The bottom line is that no one, students or outsiders, nailed the prediction. No one came within 5%, and the dozen or so students within 7% earned a perfect 5 out of 5 for their predictions. Those students who blindly followed the Capital Asset Pricing Model's view of the world fared the best. It is unclear what lesson was imparted by this exercise, but a good time was had by almost all.

In recent months, the financial news has been dominated by a bleak outlook for the U.S. economy. There are lots of different stories being tossed around, but the most persistent are the twin deficits (federal budget and trade) and Asian countries that will bury the U.S. In both cases, we have been there before.

As far back as I came remember, I cannot recall a time when the U.S. ran a trade surplus. And twin deficits are nothing new, that's what happened during the Reagan years and we survived them.

Of course, as my accounting students might remind me, all accounts, even trade accounts, are always "in balance." The "trade deficit" is just a "merchandise" trade deficit. It would not make good headlines to crow about our financial surplus that offsets the missing merchandise. Even after Enron, ImClone, WorldCom, and so on, the U.S. continues to produce the best financial products in the world. And the budget deficit is just one of many ways we produce those products.

Even if we dodge the twin-deficit bullet, there is always China or India. Journalists always like to highlight some country as the up-and-comer that will humble the U.S. economically. And that is not to say that someday it will not happen, as it almost certainly will. Bill Gross and his stopped-clock ilk must eventually get it right. But eventually is a long time. Probably longer that the time between the Sox winning the Series.

I am tempted to play the Randy Newman song that goes, "It's money that matters" for my students. Randy, no slouch, almost had it right. It's capital that matters. China and India both have raw human numbers working in their favor. And they have a window of opportunity. What both China and India have to realize is that their employment booms are transient. Jobs start in the U.S., move overseas, and then get automated out of existence. A coherent college-educated phone support worker in Austin might lose his job to an incoherent script-reader in Uttar Pradesh, but it is only a matter of time far shorter than "eventually" before machines are doing it for themselves. It is not a long-term winning bet to be "long" people, and both China and India are as long as you can get.

My final observation, and the focus of one my forthcoming sporadic commentaries, is that digital storage is getting really small and really cheap. Gigabytes are about to yield to terabytes. This matters much more than deficits or foreign competitors. Know what to do with cheap storage and you will be the master of the universe. And remember, don't be evil.

Copyright 2004 by Miller Risk Advisors. Permission granted to forward by electronic means and to excerpt or broadcast 250 words or less provided a citation is made to www.millerrisk.com.